Natural beauty is one of the main attractions of tourists. Sri Lanka is one of the 25 biodiversity hotspots in the world. Although the country is relatively small in size, it has the highest biodiversity per 10,000 square km in Asia. So no wonder it’s the best place in Asia you could explore the nature. Remarkably high proportion of the species among its flora and fauna, 27% of the 3,210 flowering plants and 22% of the mammals, are endemic.[157] Sri Lanka has declared 24 wildlife reserves, which are home to a wide range of native species such as Asian elephants, leopards, sloth bears, the unique small loris, a variety of deer, the purple-faced langur, the endangered wild boar, porcupines and anteaters.
The island of Sri Lanka lies atop the Indian tectonic plate, a minor plate within the Indo-Australian Plate. It is positioned in the Indian Ocean, to the southwest of the Bay of Bengal, between latitudes 5° and 10°N, and longitudes 79° and 82°E. Sri Lanka is separated from the Indian subcontinent by the Gulf of Mannar and the Palk Strait. According to the Hindu mythology, a land bridge existed between the Indian mainland and Sri Lanka. It now amounts to only a chain of limestone shoals remaining above sea level. It was reportedly passable on foot up to 1480 AD, until cyclones deepened the channel.
In ancient world Sri Lanka was known in different names Greek geographers called it Taprobane, Arabs referred to it as Serendib (the origin of the word "serendipity"), Ceilão was the name given to Sri Lanka by the Portuguese when they arrived in 1505,

Which was transliterated into English as Ceylon, As a British crown colony, the island was known as Ceylon, and achieved independence under the name Dominion of Ceylon in 1948.
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